NATIONAL UJALA DASHBOARD
Total LEDs distributed as on 26 MAY 2016 22:39
How many people does it take to change a light bulb?
World Bank, May 20, 2016. Image credit: Scott Akerman
With a population of about 1.2 billion, India is one of the largest consumer markets in the world. So it’s no surprise that household appliances account for several gigawatts of electricity usage across the country. As India’s middle class grows and people move from villages to towns and cities, electricity usage is only increasing. In fact, hundreds of millions of electric appliances will be added over the next few decades. This poses a serious challenge for India’s energy security since there already are electricity supply shortages, which often lead to chronic outages and blackouts. The surge in household appliances is also a climate change challenge—India, the world’s third-largest CO2 emitter, is predicted to continue increasing its greenhouse gas emissions at least until 2030.
Under India’s UJALA (“Bright Light”) scheme, 105 million energy efficient LED bulbs have been distributed across 24 states, targeting 33 million customers. The program is helping improve the quality of lighting and at the same time lowering electricity bills. It has also helped the country reduce peak demands for electricity by 2,700 MW. [bctt tweet=”If all of India used energy efficient LED bulbs, total electricity demand would decrease by 10%.” username=”ZonditsEE”]
That’s like taking 17 million cars permanently off the road.
The LED street lights were especially helpful after Cyclone Hud-Hud in the state of Andhra Pradesh last year. More than 90,000 LED streetlights were installed in the city of Vishakapatnam in just six weeks as part of rehabilitation efforts. The municipality’s street lighting monthly bill before the cyclone had been almost $4 million, with $1 million in maintenance costs. After LED streetlights were installed, the streetlight bill fell by 45% and light levels improved by 70%. These benefits will last for another 15-20 years, over the estimated life of LED lights.
[bctt tweet=”The annual share of LEDs in the Indian lighting market rose from less than 1% to 15%. ” username=”ZonditsEE”]Domestic manufacturing of LED bulbs has increased from 100,000 to 30 million per month, helping add new jobs. India hopes to replace all of its 770 million incandescent bulbs with LEDs by 2019. This will:
- avoid construction and operation of 20 new 1,000-megawatt power plants at a total cost of $20 billion
- save 100 billion kilowatt-hours of energy use every year
- avoid 80 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions, and
- reduce consumer electricity bills by $8 billion per year
But if you are still wondering about that big number at the beginning of this blog — it is the actual number of LED bulbs being deployed in India right now. As soon as an LED bulb is given to a consumer anywhere in the country, it gets logged on this centralized dashboard.